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12 gardening tips for every season

At times, having a garden can seem like both a blessing and a curse. While a garden is a great way to enjoy indoor-outdoor living and entertain loved ones in the summer, it also requires a huge amount of care and attention. In every season, you’ll have to battle weeds, tend to plants, and protect your garden from pests and infections. Although this might sound daunting at first, maintaining a garden is definitely worth the effort!

To help explain how to maintain a garden all year round, we’ve teamed up with the gardening experts at Fantastic Gardeners. From how to get rid of weeds to when to plant vegetables and ornamentals, read on for their top gardening tips.

Summer & Spring gardening tips

1. Order and plant bulbs and seeds ahead of time

Prepare for the warm weather by ordering your seeds and bulbs well in advance. This will save you the hassle of having to buy them or waiting for your order to arrive once spring starts, and means you’ll be able to enjoy colourful flowers and shrubs as soon as possible.

Top Tip: Some plants, like begonias, antirrhinums, peppers, and aubergines have a longer growing season, meaning that you should always plant them early in the season.

2. Get tidying

After the coldest part of winter and before planting season starts, remove weeds and unwanted shrubs, in addition to checking the condition of your soil. While you’re spring cleaning the garden, it’s a good idea to clean the patio and outdoor furniture and get them in tip-top condition for any summertime soirees you’ve got planned.

3. Ramp up your garden pest control

Many pests are dormant in winter but come back with a vengeance in spring. Pay particular attention to your perennials and check for slugs, snails, aphids, and other small pests such as wasps. If you do find a wasps nest, call a pest control professional to safely remove it for you.

4. Create a composting area

A composting area is a great way to ensure you have a fresh, readily-available source of organic plant feed for your garden. Try building a compost heap in the corner of your garden, or opt for a compost bin or barrel instead if you’re short on space.

5. Prune your bushes

Before they sprout in spring, prune rose bushes and any other woody plants with sharp, sterilised tools to ensure a clean cut. Make sure all the cuts are close to the main trunk and above any dormant buds.

6. Tackle the lawn

Want to learn how to keep your grass green during the summer months? It’s simple: Mow and fertilise it well during spring. Replanting any bald patches before summer really sets in can keep your lawn from browning and drying out in the heat.

Top Tip: If you do notice brown spots on your lawn, use a hose-end sprayer to apply  a mix of 1 can of each of beer and cola and 1 cup of ammonia.

Autumn & Winter gardening tips

7. Cut and winterise the lawn

When it comes to preparing your lawn for winter, the best defence is to give it a close, even cut before the cold weather arrives. Allowing it to grow long over winter will weaken the roots, and will lead to bald spots and brown patches down the track.

8. Clean and declutter the premises

Nothing spoils the look of a new home quite like an untidy garden or shed. At the beginning of winter, cut back all your plants, clear out the shed, and remove any leaf build-up on the ground. Dead leaves can be thrown away or used for compost, but can become slippery and dangerous if left as is.

9. Protect your plants

Australia may have a mild climate, but the cold weather can still kill or damage your favourite foliage if it’s not adequately protected. If you do have plants that are susceptible to cold weather, try temporarily moving them to a greenhouse, closed balcony, or other sunny spot in the house.

10. Prepare the soil for spring

Get a head start on your spring plants by enriching your soil with nutrient-rich manure, bone meal, rock phosphate, compost, kelp, and more. Using these in winter gives the ingredients enough time to dissolve in the ground, meaning your soil will be very fertile when spring arrives.

11. Trim your trees and shrubs

Winter winds, rain, and storms can break branches and cause damage to your trees and shrubs. In autumn, trim these plants back and remove damaged branches, before checking the crowns thoroughly for pests and disease. To keep soil moist longer and protect roots, apply mulch to the soil surface.

12. Cut back perennials

While perennials will eventually regrow in the right season, it’s still important to protect them from the cold by cutting them back. Failing to cut them back can expose leaves and branches to damage, which can easily spread to the roots and kill the entire plant.

Top Tip: When cutting back perennials, leave the smallest amount possible above the ground. Essentially, only the roots beneath the soil should remain.

Learn how to make a perfect garden for your dream home

Moving into a house with a garden is a fantastic opportunity to develop your gardening skills and get in touch with nature. A properly maintained garden can enhance your new home design and become an outdoor living space the whole family can enjoy. 

Read to put your green thumb to the test? Follow our gardening tips above to get your garden into shape today, or head to Fantastic Gardeners for more gardening advice.